Department of Geology
ASU Box 32067
572 Rivers Street
Boone, NC 28608
Phone: 828-262-8471
email: carmichaelsk@appstate.edu


Academic Background

Ph.D., Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University
2006


M.A., Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University
2002


B.A., Geology with Highest Honors, Smith College
1998



Professional Experience

Associate Professor, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC
2015-present


Assistant Professor, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC
2008-2015


Visiting Assistant Professor, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC
2007-2008


Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH
2006-2007


Project Hydrogeologist, GeoTrans, Inc., Harvard, MA
1998-2000



External Appointments

Graduate Faculty, UNC-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
2011-2013


Research Collaborator, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution
2010-2013


Appalachian Studies Faculty, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC
2010-present



Awards and Honors (2008-present)

Fellow of the Explorers Club (2016)

William C. Strickland Outstanding Junior Faculty Award - Appalachian State University (2014)

Wayne D. Duncan Faculty Enrichment and Teaching Fellowship for Excellence in Teaching in General Education - Appalachian State University (2013)

Professional Service (elected or appointed positions)

Councilor - Mineralogical Society of America (elected for 2017-2019 term)

Vice President - Communications, Karst Waters Institute (2015-present)

Associate Board Member, Karst Waters Institute (2013-2015)

Mineralogical Society of America Distinguished Lecturer Committee (2012-2015, Chair – 2015)


Recent Grants (2008-present)

2016-2019       MRI: Acquisition of a scanning electron microscope with EDS, EBSD, and CL for research and teaching in a multi-user facility, (PI), NSF MRI/EAR #1625137

2016       Faculty International Outreach Travel grant (PI), Office of International Education and Development, Appalachian State University

2016-2018       Graduate Research Associate Mentoring Program (GRAM), Appalachian State University

2015           Using local brewery waste to solve local environmental problems: a bioremediation pilot study to treat acid mine drainage in Ashe County, NC with microbial biominerals and Ivory Tower brewing waste (PI), Appalachian State University - RIEEE-CONCERT, Appalachian State University

2014           The Rocks Don’t Care Where You Live: Global and Interdisciplinary Student Research on Late Devonian Tectonics, Mass Extinctions, and Paleoclimate (PI), Appalachian State University - QEP Targeted Research Areas: Global Learning Grant

2013           Critical Intervals Between Critical Transitions: Geochemistry of Late Devonian Mass Extinctions (PI), Appalachian State University - University Research Council

2013           Geochemistry of an Early Human Footprinted Ash - Tanzania, (PI), Board of Trustees Faculty International Research Travel Grant, Appalachian State University

2013           TEM-EELS Measurements of Mn(II) and Mn(IV) in Cave Biomineralization, (PI), ShaRE User Facility, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

2011           Mn oxides as biosignatures in subsurface environments, (PI), NC Space Grant

2009           Characterization of Manganese Oxides in Southern Appalachian Caves, (PI), Appalachian State University - University Research Council

2009           MRI: Acquisition of a Cathodoluminescence (CL) Microscope System for Earth Science Research and Education at Appalachian State University (PI), NSF MRI/EAR #0922942

2008           Hubbard Center Teaching Enhancement Grant, Appalachian State University

Selected Publications and Abstracts

(* denotes student author)

Publications

*Mara LC Cloutier, Sarah K Carmichael, Michael A Carson, Michael D Madrich, and Suzanna Bräuer, 2017, Carbon quantity and quality drives variation in cave microbial communities and regulates Mn(II) oxidation, Biogeochemistry, v. 134, p. 77–94 (DOI: 10.1007/s10533-017-0343-8)

Sarah K Carmichael, Daniel H Doctor, Crystal G Wilson, *Joshua Feierstein, Ryan J McAleer, 2017, New insight into the origin of manganese oxide ore deposits in the Appalachian Valley and Ridge of northeastern Tennessee and northern Virginia, USA, Geological Society of America Bulletin, v.129, p. 1158-1180 (DOI: 10.1130/B31682.1)

Peter Königshof, Katarzyna Narkiewicz, Phuong Ta Hoa, Sarah K Carmichael, and Johnny Waters, 2017, Events in the mid-Paleozoic: Examples from the eastern Paleotethys (Si Phai section, NE Vietnam), Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, v. 97, no. 3, p. 481–496 (doi: 10.1007/s12549-017-0272-5)

Peter Königshof, Sarah K Carmichael, Johnny Waters, Ulrich Jansen, Ali Bahrami, Iliana Boncheva, and Mehdi Yazdi, 2017, Palaeoenvironmental study of the Palaeotethys Ocean:the Givetian-Frasnian boundaryof a shallow-marine environment using combined facies analysisand geochemistry (Zefreh Section/Central Iran), Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments, v. 97, no. 3, p. 517–540 (DOI: 10.1007/s12549-016-0253-0)

Cynthia Liutkus-Pierce, Brian W Zimmer, Sarah K Carmichael, William McIntosh, Alan Deino, *Seth M Hewitt, *Katelyn J McGinnis, *Travis Hartney, James Brett, Sara Mana, Daniel M Deocampo, Brian G Richmond, Kevin Hatala, William Harcourt-Smith, Briana Pobiner, Adam Metallo, and Vince Rossi, 2016, Radioisotopic age, formation, and preservation of Late Pleistocene human footprints at Engare Sero, Tanzania, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 463, p. 68-82 (doi: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.09.019)

Carmichael, S.K., Waters, J.A., *Batchelor, C.J., Coleman, D., Suttner, T.J., Kido, E., *Moore, L.M., and Chadimova, L., 2016, Climate instability and tipping points in the Late Devonian: Detection of the Hangenberg Event in an open oceanic island arc in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, Gondwana Research, v. 32, p. 213-231 (DOI:10.1016/j.gr.2015.02.009).

Carmichael, S.K., *Zorn, B.T., Santelli, C.M., *Roble, L.A., *Carmichael, M.J., and Bräuer, S.L., 2015, Nutrient input influences fungal community composition and size and can stimulate Mn(II) oxidation in caves, Environmental Microbiology Reports, v. 7, no. 4, p. 592-605 (DOI:10.1111/1758-2229.12291)

Carmichael, Sarah K., and Bräuer, Suzanna L., 2015, Microbial diversity and manganese cycling: a review of Mn-oxidizing microbial cave communities, in Engel, A., ed., Microbial Life of Cave Systems, in Wagner, D., ed., Life in Extreme Environments, Volume 3, De Gruyter, Boston, MA, p. 137-160 (DOI: 10.1515/9783110339888-009) (invited book chapter)

Königshof, P., Da Silva, AC., Suttner, T.J., Kido, E., Waters, J., Carmichael, S.K., Jansen, U., Pas, D., and Spassov, S., 2015, Shallow water facies setting around the Kačák Event – a multidisciplinary approach in Becker, R. T., Königshof, P. & Brett, C. E., eds., Devonian Climate, Sea Level and Evolutionary Events, Special Publication 423 of the Geological Society of London. (DOI:10.1144/SP423.4)

Carmichael, Sarah K., Waters, Johnny A., Suttner, Thomas J., Kido, Erika, and *DeReuil, Aubry, 2014, A New Model for the Kellwasser Anoxia Events (Late Devonian): Shallow Water Anoxia in an Open Oceanic Setting in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 399, p. 394-403

Carmichael, Sarah K., *Carmichael, Mary Jane, *Roble, Leigh Anne, *Johnson, Krissy, Gao, Yongli, and Bräuer, Suzanna, 2013, Evidence of Sustained Anthropogenic Impact in Carter Saltpeter Cave, Carter County, Tennessee, Journal of Cave and Karst Science, v. 73, no. 3, p. 184-209

*Carmichael, Mary Jane, Carmichael Sarah K., Santelli, Cara, *Strom, Amanda C., and Bräuer, Suzanna L., 2013, Mn(II)-oxidizing bacteria are abundant and environmentally relevant members of ferromanganese deposits in Eastern Tennessee Caves, Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 13, no. 9, p. 779-800 (DOI: 10.1080/01490451.2013.769651 )

Carmichael, Sarah K., Ferry, John M., and McDonough, William F., 2008, Formation of replacement dolomite in the Latemar carbonate buildup, Dolomites, northern Italy: Part 1. Field relations, mineralogy, and geochemistry. American Journal of Science, v. 308, no. 7, p. 851-884.

Carmichael, Sarah K., and Ferry, John M., 2008, Formation of replacement dolomite in the Latemar carbonate buildup, Dolomites, northern Italy: Part 2. Origin of the dolomitizing fluid and the amount and duration of fluid flow. American Journal of Science, v. 308, no. 8, p. 885-904.

Brady, John B., Mohlman, Heidi K., Harris, Caroline, Carmichael, Sarah K., Jacob, Lisa J., and Chaparro, Wilfredo R., 2004, General geology and geochemistry of metamorphosed Proterozoic mafic dikes and sills, Tobacco Root Mountains, Montana. In Brady, John B., Burger, H. Robert, Cheney, John T., and Harms, Tekla A., eds., Precambrian geology of the Tobacco Root Mountains, Montana. Geological Society of America Special Paper 377, p. 89-104.

Cheney, John T., Cheney, John T., Brady, John B., Tierney, Kara A., DeGraff, Kathleen A., Mohlman, Heidi K., Frisch, Jessica D., Hatch, Christine E., Steiner, Michael L., Carmichael, Sarah K., Fisher, Robin G. M., Tuit, Carrie B., Steffen, Kurt J., Cady, Pamela, Lowell, Josh, Archuleta, LeAndra L., Hirst, Jillian, Wegmann, Karl W., Monteleone, Brian, 2004, Proterozoic metamorphism of the Tobacco Root Mountains, Montana. In Brady, John B., Burger, H. Robert, Cheney, John T., and Harms, Tekla A., eds., Precambrian geology of the Tobacco Root Mountains, Montana. Geological Society of America Special Paper 377, p. 105-129.

Recent Abstracts and Conference Presentations (2015-present)

*Olivia C. Paschall, Sarah K Carmichael, *Allison D Dombrowski, *Cameron J. Batchelor, Drew S. Coleman, Johnny A. Waters, and Peter Königshof, 2017, 87Sr/86Sr Across the Devonian-Carboniferous Transition Within the Pho Han Formation, Cat Ba Island, Vietnam: New Data Outside of an Old Orogeny, to be presented at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Abstract #PP035-294683.

*Robert Minichan Thomas Jr, Sarah K Carmichael, Johnny A. Waters and *Cameron Jean Batchelor, 2017, Peeking out of the basins: looking for the Late Devonian Kellwasser Event in the open ocean in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, southwestern Mongolia, to be presented at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Abstract #PP035-229230.

Sarah K Carmichael, Zhihong Wang, Johnny A. Waters, *Allison D. Dombrowski, *Cameron J. Batchelor, Drew S. Coleman, Thomas Suttner, and Erika Kido, 2017 Looking for the Kellwasser Event in all the wrong places: a multiproxy study of island arc paleoenvironments in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, to be presented at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, New Orleans, LA, Abstract #PP035-210250.

Carmichael, S.K., Wang, Z., Waters., J.A., *Batchelor, C.J., Coleman, D.S., Suttner, T.J., and Kido, E., 2017, Looking for the Kellwasser anoxia event in all the wrong places: the role of submarine groundwater flow (Junggar Basin, NW China), V.M. Goldschmidt Conference, Paris, France

Carmichael, S.K., Waters, J.A., 2016, Devonian Anoxia, Geochemistry, Geochronology, and Extinction Research (DAGGER) - new directions from an interdisciplinary research team developed out of IGCP 596 projects (keynote lecture). In: Suttner, T., Kido, E., Simonetto, L., Waters, J.A., Corradini, C., Carmichael, S.K., and Königshof, P. (Eds.), IGCP 596 Closing Meeting, Udine, Italy, p. 12-18

Königshof, P., Narkiewicz, K., Ta Hoa, P., Carmichael, S.K., Waters, J.A., *Batchelor, C. & Komatsu, T. - Events in the Mid-Palaeozoic: Examples from the Eastern Paleotethys (Ne Vietnam). In: Suttner, T., Kido, E., Simonetto, L., Waters, J.A., Corradini, C., Carmichael, S.K., and Königshof, P. (Eds.), IGCP 596 Closing Meeting, Udine, Italy, p. 45-48

Königshof, P., Carmichael, S.K., Waters, J.A., Jansen, U., Bahrami, A., Boncheva, I. & Yazdi, M. 2016, Palaeoenvironmental study of the Palaeotethys Ocean: The Givetian-Frasnian boundary of a shallow marine environment using combined facies analysis and geochemistry (Zefreh Section/Central Iran). In: Suttner, T., Kido, E., Simonetto, L., Waters, J.A., Corradini, C., Carmichael, S.K., and Königshof, P. (Eds.), IGCP 596 Closing Meeting, Udine, Italy, p. 42-44

*Granholm, John W., Carmichael, Sarah K., and Waters, Johnny A., 2016, Detection of anoxia at the Devonian-Carboniferous boundary in the Namur-Dinant basin, Belgium, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 48, No. 7, (doi: 10.1130/abs/2016AM-285236)

*Hartney, Travis A., Carmichael, Sarah K., and Liutkus-Pierce, Cynthia M. 2016, Oldoinyo Lengai: clasts & characteristics of the world's strangest active volcano, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 48, No. 7, (doi: 10.1130/abs/2016AM-283349)

*Cashay, Mara L., Carmichael, Sarah K., Carson, Michael, Hughes, Andrew, Madritch, Michael, and Bräuer, Suzanna L., 2016, Manganese oxides in caves - in situ bioindicator experiments can reveal enzymatic pathways of Mn(II) oxidation, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 48, No. 7, (doi: 10.1130/abs/2016AM-278491)

Carmichael, Sarah K., Waters, Johnny A., *Paschall, Olivia C., Koenigshof, Peter, Joachimski, Michael M., Ta, Phuong H. and Komatsu, Toshifumi, 2016, Sustained oceanic anoxia in the Late Devonian Pho Han Formation, Cat Ba Island, Vietnam, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 48, No. 7, (doi: 10.1130/abs/2016AM-284929)

*Cashay, Mara L., Carmichael, Sarah K., *Zorn, Bryan T., and Bräuer, Suzanna L., 2015, Impact of exogenous nutrients on Mn-oxidizing microbial consortia among caves of the southern Appalachian Mountains. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 47, No. 7, p.56

Carmichael, Sarah K., and Waters, Johnny A., 2015, Overturning ideas about oceanic overturning in the Late Devonian: insights from the Central Asian Orogenic Belt. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 47, No. 7, p.849

*Batchelor, Cameron J., Carmichael, Sarah K., Waters, Johnny A., Coleman, Drew S., Kido, Erika, Suttner, Thomas, and Gatovsky, Yury, 2015, Constraining the ages of Late Devonian extinction events in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB): U-Pb zircon ages and igneous petrology. Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 47, No. 7, p.340

*Cashay, Mara L., Sarah K. Carmichael, Bryan T. Zorn, Michael A. Carson, Nathan Basiliko, and Suzanna L. Bräuer, 2015, Response of bacterial Mn(II)-oxidizing consortia to exogenous carbon sources in caves in the southern Appalachian Mountains. American Society for Microbiology, North Carolina Branch, Abstract #2.4, p. 10.

Carmichael, S.K., Waters, J.A., 2015. A decade of deciphering the Late Devonian: more answers, but many more questions, In: Mottequin, B., Denayer, J., Koenigshof, P., Prestianni, C., Olive, S. (Eds.), IGCP596-SDS Symposium. Association STRATA, Brussels, Belgium, pp. 27-29.

Waters, J., Suttner, T., Kido, E., Carmichael, S.K., 2015. Echinoderm ecosystem rembound and diversification after the Frasnian-Famennian extinction: data from the Central Asian Orogenic Belt, In: Mottequin, B., Denayer, J., Koenigshof, P., Prestianni, C., Olive, S. (Eds.), IGCP596-SDS Symposium. Association STRATA, Brussels, Belgium, pp. 149-150.

Konigshof, P., Phuong, T.H., Carmichael, S.K., *Batchelor, C.J., Komatsu, T., 2015. Events in the Mid-Palaeozoic: examples from the eastern Paleotethys (NE Vietnam), In: Mottequin, B., Denayer, J., Koenigshof, P., Prestianni, C., Olive, S. (Eds.), IGCP596-SDS Symposium. Association STRATA, Brussels, Belgium, pp. 75-76.

Hušková, A., Suttner, T., Slavik, L., Valenzuela-Rios, J., Liao, J.C., Gatovsky, Y., Ariunchimeg, Y., Kido, E., Gonchigdorj, S., Waters, J., Carmichael, S.K., *Batchelor, C.J., 2015. Late Devonian conodonts of western Mongolia: preliminary results, In: Mottequin, B., Denayer, J., Koenigshof, P., Prestianni, C., Olive, S. (Eds.), IGCP596-SDS Symposium. Association STRATA, Brussels, Belgium, pp. 27-29.

*Batchelor, C.J., Carmichael, S.K., Waters, J.A., Coleman, D., Kido, E., Suttner, T.J., 2015. Constraining the ages of Late Devonian extinction events in the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB): U-Pb zircon ages and igneous petrology, IGCP596-SDS Symposium. Association STRATA, Brussels, Belgium, pp. 12-13.

For full CV (including complete abstract list, university and departmental service, students advised, etc.), please contact me directly.